By Hermann Hunger, David Pingree
Astronomy and astrology, or the astral sciences, performed a huge, if no longer key function within the political and non secular lifetime of the traditional close to East, and of the Greek and Roman global. this article presents a finished account of the origins of the astral sciences within the historic close to East. all kinds of Sumerian or Akkadian textual content facing descriptive or mathematical astronomy, together with many person drugs are completely handled. It additionally positive aspects descriptions of astronomical contents, a proof in their medical that means, and where a given style or capsule has within the improvement of astronomy either in the Mesopotamian tradition and out of doors of it.
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Extra info for Astral Sciences in Mesopotamia (Handbook of Oriental Studies)
Several omens derived from Venus' ašar niçirti do not suffice to locate it precisely. C. (Weidner  p. 11). In the "horoscopes" the term ašar/bīt niçirti occurs several times. Unfortunately, die positions do not agree with what can be derived from other sources, be they Babylonian or Greek, see Rochberg-Halton [1988b] p. 56. Weidner  published a group of texts36 which had become famous because of the pictures of constellations engraved on some of the exemplars. They use older material which probably was not yet provided with astral connections (Weidner  pp.
The question of the validity of an omen is addressed: sometimes a sign can be cancelled by another one of opposite portent. What however will happen if no annulment takes place? How can the evil announced by the sign be dispelled? To this the text proposes a solution not attested elsewhere. First, the calendar date has to be established beyond doubt. e. whether they have 29 or 30 days. Once the date is certain, it may mm out that the bad omen was not really applicable because it occurred at a different time.
They describe positions and phenomena of one or more of the planets at the time of a child's birth and make predictions about his future life. There is also a section using the appearance of certain fixed stars, the so-called ziqpu stars (see below II A 5). Nativity omens occur in TCL 6 13, for which see Rochberg-Halton [1987b], Such personal omens are not a new invention. They are represented in earlier periods by the physiognomic omens, which refer to the fate of the person on whose body some special traits are observed.
Astral Sciences in Mesopotamia (Handbook of Oriental Studies) by Hermann Hunger, David Pingree