By Thomas Kellaghan, Vincent Greaney
Schooling for All, supported by way of the overseas neighborhood, emphasizes the significance of studying caliber. This publication specializes in using overview to watch and assessment studying in Sub-Saharan African international locations. It bargains with 4 significant facets of academic review: public (external) examinations, nationwide checks of academic fulfillment degrees, foreign exams, and lecture room evaluation practices. insurance of public examinations encompasses a evaluation in their caliber, their strength for leveraging reform, and their optimistic and unfavourable affects at the nature of educating and studying. Assessing scholar studying in Africa summarizes the variety of nationwide overview actions performed within the area. those tests have been designed to supply proof at the results of education, in particular when it comes to pupil achievements. The particularly few overseas checks which have been conducted in Africa have said quite low degrees of pupil success. professionals and cons of partaking in foreign tests are mentioned. Classroom-based evaluation is an crucial portion of the instructing studying strategy. The proof awarded means that present instructor evaluation practices are poor in particular parts. in the course of the ebook, the authors supply concrete feedback of the way to enhance evaluate practices to assist increase the standard of pupil success.
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Additional resources for Assessing Student Learning in Africa (Directions in Development)
This information was published in a newsletter that was sent to all schools. The newsletter also explained changes in the content of and the skills assessed by the examinations, identified topics and skills that were seen to be causing problems, and suggested ways of teaching these problematic topics and skills. League tables are no longer published, because schools and districts were found to be manipulating the system by presenting only their best students for examination. The Kenya National Examinations Council continues to produce a newsletter, but a lack of money means that it is no longer sent to all schools.
Competition between Schools Some examination systems seek to influence teacher behavior simply by publishing school examination results. The publication of “league tables” of mean performance statistics make it clear how schools stand alongside other schools in their district, and how one district compares with the next. This strategy, in which the published data were termed “incentive information,” was a key feature of the Kenyan examination reform (Somerset 1987). The underlying theory was that the dissemination of information about school performance would create competition between schools that would motivate teachers to 20 ASSESSING STUDENT LEARNING IN AFRICA change their instructional practices (Chapman and Snyder 2000).
Examinations should be free of gender, ethnic, or location bias. The language used should not exhibit gender bias (for example, in the use of names), and topics that are included should be of interest to both girls and boys and should reflect situations that would be equally familiar to both genders. It should be noted also that there is evidence that the multiple-choice format tends to favor boys. Source: Kellaghan and Greaney 1992. 27 3 National Assessments Public examinations are a long-standing feature of education systems, but national assessments (sometimes called system assessments, assessments of learning outcomes, and, less appropriately, learning assessments) are relatively new (Greaney and Kellaghan 1996a; Kellaghan 2003; Kellaghan and Greaney 2001a, 2001b).
Assessing Student Learning in Africa (Directions in Development) by Thomas Kellaghan, Vincent Greaney