Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and Commentary by Antisthenes PDF

By Antisthenes

ISBN-10: 0472119346

ISBN-13: 9780472119349

Antisthenes of Athens (c. 445-365 BCE) was once a well-known old disciple of Socrates, senior to Plato by means of fifteen years and inspirational to Xenophon. he's appropriate to 2 of the best turning issues in historical highbrow heritage, from pre-Socraticism to Socraticism, and from classical Athens to the Hellenistic interval. a greater knowing of Antisthenes ends up in a greater figuring out of the highbrow tradition of Athens that formed Plato and laid the principles for Hellenistic philosophy and literature in addition. Antisthenes wrote prolifically, yet little of this article is still at the present time. Susan Prince has gathered the entire surviving passages that pertain so much heavily to Antisthenes’ historical acceptance and literary creation, interprets them into English for the 1st time, and units out the parameters for his or her interpretation, with shut cognizance to the position Antisthenes most likely performed within the literary time table of every old writer who stated him.

This is the 1st translation of Antisthenes’ is still into English. Chapters current the traditional resource, the unique Greek passage, and worthwhile serious gear. the writer then provides the trendy English translation and notes at the context of the protection, the importance of the testimonium, and at the Greek. numerous new readings are proposed.

Antisthenes of Athens could be of curiosity to an individual looking to comprehend Antisthenes and his highbrow context, in addition to his contributions to historical literary feedback, perspectives on discourse, and ethics.

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Additional resources for Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and Commentary

Sample text

The tension between the curiosity that leads to discovery and the curiosity that leads to perdition threads its way throughout all our endeavors. The temptation of the horizon is always present, and even if, as the ancients believed, after the world’s end a traveler would fall into the abyss, we do not abstain from exploration, as Ulysses tells Dante in the Commedia. In the twenty-sixth canto of the Inferno, after having crossed the dreadful snake-infested sands where thieves are punished, Dante arrives at the eighth chasm, where he sees “as many fireflies as the peasant, resting on a hilltop, sees”: they are souls who are punished here, eternally consumed in whirling tongues of fire.

8 Dante’s audience would have understood the references. Dante, voracious reader, would have also been familiar with Cicero’s Scipio’s Dream and its description of the celestial spheres, as well as with the What Is Curiosity? 19 otherworldly incidents in Ovid’s Metamorphoses. Christian eschatology would have provided him with several more accounts. 9 Other journeys and visions appear in such best-selling pious compendia as Jacop de Voragine’s Golden Legend and the anonymous Lives of the Fathers; in the imaginary Irish travel narratives of Saint Brendan, Saint Patrick, and King Tungdal; in the mystic visions of Peter Damian, Richard de Saint-Victoire, and Gioachim de Fiore; and in certain Islamic Otherworld chronicles, such as the Andalucian Libro della Scala (Book of the Ladder), which tells of Muhammad’s ascent to heaven.

The earliest verses Dante wrote were, as far as we know, several poems composed in 1283, when he was eighteen years old, later included in the Vita nova; the last work was a lecture in Latin, Questio de aqua et terra (Dispute on Earth and Water), which he delivered in a public reading on 20 January 1320, less than two years before his death. The Vita nova was finished before 1294: its declared intention is to clarify the words Incipit Vita Nova, “Here Begins the New Life,” inscribed in the “volume of my memory,” and following the sequence of poems written for love of Beatrice, whom he saw for the first time when both were children, Dante nine and Beatrice eight.

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Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and Commentary by Antisthenes


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