Download e-book for iPad: Animals as Sentinels of Environmental Health Hazards by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee on Animals as Monitors of Environmental Hazards

ISBN-10: 0309040469

ISBN-13: 9780309040464

Learning animals within the setting could be a reasonable and hugely invaluable method of deciding on unknown chemical contaminants earlier than they reason human damage. "Animals as Sentinels of Environmental health and wellbeing dangers" offers an outline of animal-monitoring courses, together with special case stories of ways animal illnesses - similar to the consequences of DDT on wild poultry populations - have led researchers to the assets of human healthiness risks. The authors learn the parts and features required for a good animal-monitoring software, they usually review various current courses, together with in situ study, the place an animal is positioned in a typical environment for tracking reasons.

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Additional info for Animals as Sentinels of Environmental Health Hazards

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If a small and discrete location, such as a hazardous-waste site, is to be monitored, it would not be appropriate to use an animal that ranges over many square kilometers and visits the site only occasionally or an animal that visits several contaminated sites. Animals with small home ranges—such as some birds, rodents, and reptiles—would be appropriate. Migratory animals, therefore, are not good sentinels for environmental contaminants with point sources. Nonmigratory animals could be good indicators of point-source pollution in a stream, because they generally are subject only to contaminants whose source is upstream from their location.

1 A domestic species is one that traditionally has been tamed, bred, and kept for service to humans or as pets. A wild species is one that is free-ranging in its native habitat. Exotic species are those not native to an area; they can be domestic or wild. About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted.

By Roman times, people knew that birds were especially sensitive to coal gas and other pollutants in coal mines (Schwabe, 1984b). Caged birds, more sensitive than humans to the invisible, odorless toxic gas carbon monoxide, were taken into coal mines; their death from exposure to it gave miners time to race to the surface. Several major environmental toxicants were discovered because of their effects on domesticated or wild animals (see Table 1-1). In some cases, those effects enabled investigators to predict adverse health effects in humans.

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Animals as Sentinels of Environmental Health Hazards by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee on Animals as Monitors of Environmental Hazards


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