By Mark Ridley
This vintage textbook is a concise introductory advisor to the topic of animal habit. The booklet is equipped by way of first construction the four-cornered foundations of the topic, then relocating larger. In a very well-organized development, the scholar is bring about an realizing of the basic themes, defined in logical self-contained devices. every one bankruptcy ends with feedback for extra analyzing. during this moment version, the assurance of mechanisms of habit is far extended, as is the cloth on evolution and common choice. The bankruptcy on improvement contains a lot of the hot paintings on studying and reminiscence, in particular song-learning in birds. certainly during the e-book, examples are drawn from fresh ground-breaking study.
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Additional info for Animal Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Mechanisms, Development, and Ecology
If any inherited variant of the species is, in the slightest degree, more likely to survive to reproduce, then evolution by natural selection must operate. That 29 Anss as genus including mallard, spot-billed duck, Meller's duck, etc. Chestnut-breasted teal \ South American teal Teal South American pintail Pintail Bahama duck Red-billed duck Gg~ Ns Pc Garganey • Shovelle Kd Gadwall Bws ~ Px ... Ac Pi '-1- rar Kr l~ ~t Ibr t Bm Bgsp ~ IDlw Br Lsf Ssp .. ++*+-CJ 4" Wigeon Chiloe wigeon Tre Dum ? ""\~++-+-+...
Dawkins (1986, 1989). Reeve and Sherman (1993) and Williams (1992) contain more advanced reflections on the subject. Wilson (1971) is a magnificent account of the social insects, which includes a discussion of the soldier caste, and is the source of my quotation. Lorenz (1958) describes his work on the behavior of ducks. On kittiwakes, and the gull study in general, the best source is Tinbergen (1974). Cullen (1958) and McLannahan (1974) are the primary references. Tinbergen also made a film about gull behavior; it is called Signals for Survival and is relevant to this chapter although its main theme is signaling (the topic of Chapter 7).
Another possibility is to divide sensory systems into those that sense chemical, electromagnetic, and mechanical energy. Taste and smell are both chemical senses (as are many of the enteroceptors), hearing and touch are both mechanical senses, and vision is an electromagnetic sense. 51 S2 ANIMAL BEHAVIOR There is no one "best" classification, and different classifications are useful for different purposes. Here we shall consider briefly some examples of electromagnetic, chemical, and mechanical sense organs.
Animal Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Mechanisms, Development, and Ecology by Mark Ridley