Get Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere: Chemistry and Physics of PDF

By Guy P. Brasseur, Susan Solomon

ISBN-10: 1402032846

ISBN-13: 9781402032844

ISBN-10: 1402038240

ISBN-13: 9781402038242

"[…] an attractive and well-written assessment of the present prestige of our wisdom of the composition of the center surroundings and the elemental radiative, dynamical and photochemical approaches which keep it." (Bulletin American Meteorological Society)

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Extra info for Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere: Chemistry and Physics of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere (Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library)

Example text

More details regarding the significance of the term symbols can be obtained, for example, in Herzberg (1950). 20 AERONOMY OF THE MIDDLE ATMOSPHERE Polyatomic molecules have different term symbols, but again the spin multiplicity is given by the left-hand superscript. For example, the ground state of the ozone molecule is denoted by the term 1 A1 . Note that these terms should not be confused with the excited states of diatomic molecules, which can also contain A, B, etc. in their term symbols. 1) and radiative decay can occur.

Kinetics and Dynamics of Elementary Gas Reactions. Butterworths, 1980. , and P. Hamill, Effects of temperature and humidity on the growth and optical properties of sulfuric acid-water droplets in the stratosphere. J Atmos Sci: 12, 517, 1981. , Molecules and Radiation: An Introduction to Modern Molecular Spectroscopy. MIT Press, 1978. A. J. W. H. M. W. E. E. Clemens, Ozone density in the mesosphere (5090 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer. Geophys Res Lett: 10, 245, 1983.

The composition of the liquid or solid particles is derived from thermodynamic considerations. The value of γ for different conditions is determined in the laboratory. In the case of liquid sulfuric acid aerosols, for most reactions, γ depends on the weight percentage W (wt%) of H2 SO4 in the aerosol. 2 (Continued) Heterogeneous reaction rates on particles in polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) are more difficult to estimate because of the uncertainties in the type of PSC particles present in the lower stratosphere.

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Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere: Chemistry and Physics of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere (Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library) by Guy P. Brasseur, Susan Solomon


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