New PDF release: Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple

By Jean Starobinski

ISBN-10: 2020217953

ISBN-13: 9782020217958

Pourquoi dans los angeles vie quotidienne, affirme-t-on qu’une scenario intolérable appelle une réaction ? remark les biologistes en sont-ils venus à penser les rapports du vivant et du milieu en termes d’interaction ? Pour quelle raison los angeles psychiatrie a-t-elle adopté, il y a un siècle, l. a. catégorie des affections réactionnelles ? Pourquoi le idea d’abréaction fut-il inventé puis abandonné par l. a. première psychanalyse ? Que veut-on faire entendre, quand on déclare qu’une politique est réactionnaire ? Dire que le totalitarisme nazi fut une réaction au totalitarisme communiste, n’est-ce pas l’excuser ? Le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés offrent leurs companies pour l’explication causale comme pour los angeles compréhension par sympathie. Ils nous viennent à l’esprit quand nous cherchons des réponses à nos problèmes. Or ces mots, précisément, ne font-ils pas problème ?C’est l’occasion pour, Jean Starobinski, d’examiner les filières intellectuelles à travers lesquelles le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés nous sont parvenus. Ce livre remonte au rôle que leur attribua l. a. scolastique, mais aboutit aux interrogations qui entourent aujourd’hui l. a. thought de progrès, sans laquelle los angeles réaction politique ne peut être pensée. Il convoque aussi bien les philosophes (Aristote, Leibniz, Kant, Nietzsche, Jaspers), que les savants (Newton, Bichat, Claude, Bernard, Bernheim, Freud) et les écrivains (Diderot, Benjamin consistent, Balzac, Poe, Valéry).

L’ouvrage est une traversée originale de l. a. tradition occidentale : il éclaire successivement les fondements de los angeles technological know-how et l. a. protestation des poètes, parcourant ainsi les chemins qui conduisent à nos perplexités présentes.

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Example text

This was particularly worrying for the Victorian ruling class, because religion is for all kinds of reasons an extremely effective form of ideological control. Like all successful ideologies, it works much less by explicit concepts or formulated doctrines than by image, symbol, habit, ritual and mythology. It is affective and experiential, entwining itself with the deepest unconscious roots of the human subject; and any social ideology which is unable to engage with such deepseated a-rational fears and needs, as T.

Yet we can already begin to detect within this literary radicalism another, and to us more familiar, emphasis: a stress upon the sovereignty and autonomy of the imagination, its splendid remoteness from the merely prosaic 18 The Rise of English matters of feeding one’s children or struggling for political justice. If the ‘transcendental’ nature of the imagination offered a challenge to an anaemic rationalism, it could also offer the writer a comfortingly absolute alternative to history itself. Indeed such a detachment from history reflected the Romantic writer’s actual situation.

12 The ‘softening’ and ‘humanizing’ effects of English, terms recurrently used by its early proponents, are within the existing ideological stereotypes of gender clearly feminine. The rise of English in England ran parallel to the gradual, grudging admission of women to the institutions of higher education; and since English was an untaxing sort of affair, concerned with the finer feelings rather than with the more virile topics of bona fide academic ‘disciplines’, it seemed a convenient sort of non-subject to palm off on the ladies, who were in any case excluded from science and the professions.

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Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple by Jean Starobinski


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