Benjamin Wardhaugh's A Wealth of Numbers: An Anthology of 500 Years of Popular PDF

By Benjamin Wardhaugh

ISBN-10: 0691147752

ISBN-13: 9780691147758

Despite what we may well occasionally think, well known arithmetic writing didn't start with Martin Gardner. in reality, it has a wealthy culture stretching again hundreds and hundreds of years. This enjoyable and enlightening anthology--the first of its kind--gathers approximately 100 attention-grabbing decisions from the previous 500 years of renowned math writing, bringing to existence a little-known aspect of math background. starting from the overdue 15th to the past due 20th century, and drawing from books, newspapers, magazines, and internet sites, A Wealth of Numbers contains leisure, lecture room, and paintings arithmetic; mathematical histories and biographies; debts of upper arithmetic; motives of mathematical tools; discussions of the way math may be taught and discovered; reflections at the position of math on the planet; and math in fiction and humor.

Featuring many tips, video games, difficulties, and puzzles, in addition to a lot heritage and minutiae, the decisions contain a sixteenth-century advisor to creating a horizontal sundial; "Newton for the Ladies" (1739); Leonhard Euler at the inspiration of pace (1760); "Mathematical Toys" (1785); a poetic model of the rule of thumb of 3 (1792); "Lotteries and Mountebanks" (1801); Lewis Carroll at the video game of good judgment (1887); "Maps and Mazes" (1892); "Einstein's actual Achievement" (1921); "Riddles in Mathematics" (1945); "New Math for Parents" (1966); and "PC Astronomy" (1997). prepared by means of thematic chapters, every one choice is put in context by way of a quick creation.

A distinctive window into the hidden background of renowned arithmetic, A Wealth of Numbers will supply many hours of enjoyable and studying to somebody who loves well known arithmetic and science.

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Extra resources for A Wealth of Numbers: An Anthology of 500 Years of Popular Mathematics Writing

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Henry Ernest Dudeney (1857–1930), Amusements in Mathematics (London, 1917), pp. 68–71. ” All these are elementary route problems, and they can be turned into good puzzles by the introduction of some conditions that complicate matters. A variety of such complications will be found in the following examples. I have also included some enumerations of more or less difficulty. These afford excellent practice for the reasoning faculties, and enable one to generalize in the case of symmetrical forms in a manner that is most instructive.

Lotteries and Mountebanks L. Despiau, 1801 Although it contains some of the usual card tricks, number games, and basic arithmetic (see van Etten and Leybourne, above), a fair part of Despiau’s book 18 CHAPTER 1 is taken up with the attempt to make mathematics amusing by applying it to dice games. Despiau (I have failed to discover either his dates or his first name) had been a professor of mathematics and philosophy in Paris, and his book was commended by Charles Hutton, who taught at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich.

But I think they are thus valued: if a pound of money be divided into 2 parts, that first fraction, 12 , doth express one of those 2 parts. And the latter fraction, 56 , doth signify, if a pound be divided into 6 parts, I must know it to be 5 of those 6 parts. And so consequently I conceive of the rest or any such like. If there be no more difficulty in expressing or numbering of a fraction, I pray you proceed forward. THEOD . There is no more difficulty, but only that you express the names aright of both numbers which maketh a fraction.

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A Wealth of Numbers: An Anthology of 500 Years of Popular Mathematics Writing by Benjamin Wardhaugh

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